Gender Role on Education
Throughout the history of the world, gender issue towards education has never been neglect by any culture in the world. Most people nowadays agree that male and female should get the equal opportunities to receive education. China has a culture that last more than 5000 years. The gender issue on education in China has changed from time to time.
In ancient China, females are forbidden from receive any form of education, such as go to school, read books and orally education. Sewing skills, washing clothes, cooking meals, raising children and weaving are the most common skills that a typical ancient Chinese woman would possess. However, men can go to school as long as their family can support them. After graduation, they will take an examination. If someone luckily passes the exam, he will enter the political world and make a nice living out of it. One of the two main reasons for this kind of phenomenon is that in the feudal society, man is superior to woman. The patterns of gender roles orientation like "man is superior and woman inferior", have formed in the pre-Qin period. Men are in charged in most of the things, both outside and domestic. For example, men were intending to make big decision and receive education and women would be response for cooking and sewing.
According to Confucius, women were not equal to men and were
not worthy to have literary and education
to the unequal treatment between man and woman, one woman in China took a huge
step up attempting to stop, even reserve this situation. She is the famous
Empress Wu, the only woman emperor throughout Chinese History who actually
ruled the whole country for almost half of the century. Her father Wu Shihuo
was one of the meritorious chancellors of the Tang Dynasty. Therefore when she
was young, she read many books and received a good education from her father.
They made the fundamental step of her being an empress. After she caught the
eye of the emperor of that time, she became emperor Taizong’s concubine because
of her beauty and intelligence. Of course she is not going to be satisfy with
the status. Her ambition gets bigger and bigger and eventually became the
empress of the nation.
has taken a giant leap in the gender equality. At the end of
Qing-dynasty, as western culture invade into China, the obstinate thoughts of
the Chinese people start to accept the concept of the western culture that man
and woman should get the equal opportunities to get educated. The first change
in women’s role in Chinese culture was during the public years. At that time,
many cities were give opportunities for women to seek formal education, many women cherished this opportunity to study along
side the males and this was a milestone for the women. The distinction
between men and women is gradually eroding.
In China, education towards gender roles has the tendency to be more and more equal. Everybody can enjoy a higher education nowadays without any gender prejudice. Even more, people can go abroad to improve themselves.
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